In southern-western part of Kazakhstan like in other Central Asian countries, intensive irrigation leads to soil erosion, loss of organic matter, salinization and waterlogging.
Declared as the "International Year of Soils" by the 68th UN General Assembly, the year 2015 showcased implementation of a variety of multidisciplinary research programs and projects that have contributed to combating land degradation and improving soils in Central Asia and the Caucasus.
Knowledge-sharing initiatives like these are beneficial for local institutions, farmers, and national and international researchers alike.
On 18 December 2015, the International Water Management Institute (IWMI) in the frame of the Regional Program of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) in Central Asia and the Caucasus (CAC), organized a policy dialogue on "Improving soil and land degradation through licorice cultivation in Uzbekistan".
Since ancient times, water has been viewed as spring of life and the main factor for vitality. Likewise, it is impossible to imagine agricultural production without water.
The Regional Program for Sustainable Agricultural Development in Central Asia and Caucasus was initiated in 1998, and operates as a consortium of eight National Agricultural Research Centers (NARS), eight Centers of the Consultative Group for International Agricultural Research (CGIAR consortium members) and three additional advanced research institutions (non-CGIAR consortium members).